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Public sector organsations can reap several benefits from working together through a community cloud strategy, according to industry experts, but several concerns are slowing the adoption rate.

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) describes the community cloud as a cloud infrastructure that is shared by several organisations and supports a specific community, such as healthcare, that has shared concerns around mission, policy and compliance considerations.

With such clear issues facing the adoption of community cloud, I have to say we have serious doubts about the viability of it outside of the education and charitable sectors.

 

Ben Abraham, Divisional Leader of Services, Bell Micro,

The cloud may be managed by the organisations or a third party and may exist on or off-premises.

Rob Lovell, chief executive of cloud IT service provider ThinkGrid, said the shared resources model has been going for a while, within Ofcom publishes mobile broadband best practice guide local councils and public sector organisations, so it's not surprising to hear how this approach has now been extended to cloud computing.

"At the end of the day, we all want to know that our hard-earned taxes are being stretched as far as possible," said Lovell.

Lovell said this approach would be really powerful if there were hundreds, if not thousands, of public sector organisations with the ability to share a vast range of cloud services, instead of just a restricted few.

He continued, however, by saying that building the high-quality cloud computing infrastructure needed to make this happen requires massive investment in terms of expertise, equipment and support. Hence, what we currently see is a small group of councils building and sharing their own "internal" clouds, painting themselves into a corner with both a limited set of services and the resources needed to support and deliver them.

Community cloud lessons and potential pitfalls

Ben Abraham, divisional leader of services

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at distributor Bell Micro, said the concept is to utilise spare capacity within several organisations' IT environment by enabling a cloud infrastructure where all resources are virtualised and used on a shared basis. He added, however, that there are many areas of concern with this model.

Abraham posed several questions to consider before undergoing any plans for a community cloud:

 

  • How does the economic model work (who pays for support/maintenance and operational costs, infrastructure/capital costs)?
  • How do they manage availability and service levels across this community cloud?
  • What are the contractual and security implications/considerations of having data spread across multiple organisations (and maybe multiple geographies) and in multiple domains -- i.e. how would the obligations of the Freedom of Information Act and Data Protection work?
  • What is the legal impact of a service outage, i.e. Organisation A is pursued legally due to a service outage caused by Organisation B's infrastructure within their community cloud?
Abraham added: "With such clear issues facing the adoption of community cloud, I have to Science Fiction Writing - Ten Cliches to Avoid say we have serious doubts Public sector IT pros must aspire to CIO roles, says Socitm about the viability of it outside of the education and charitable sectors.

"Other than for non-critical development and research projects that are formed within a group of charities or universities, where there is no ongoing legal requirement to provide the service (and no service-level agreement requirement), we can't see how this would work, certainly not in the broader business world."

Matt Hampton, chief technical officer from data centre service provider Imerja, explained that many business benefits are available to companies who transfer data into community clouds -- for starters, improved energy efficiency and significant cost savings.

Nevertheless, as the cloud is a relatively new concept and still evolving, Hampton said that some problems persist.

"The biggest issue is trust. As it stands, no formal model exists to define good practice or identify liability for the security of the information within community clouds," said Hampton.

He revealed that organisations such as the Cloud Security Alliance are now emerging to promote security assurance policies and provide education on uses of cloud computing to help secure data. But, he explained, until these organisations become mainstream, security is an important issue to be raised and considered.

Cloud and the green tax

Another issue highlighted by Hampton was green tax, as it is still unclear whether the provider or client should foot the tax bill.

More on the cloud:Cloud computing security affecting G-Cloud adoption

Intrusion detection in a cloud computing environment

Virtual desktop infrastructures and the private cloud

He said: "I would expect that the tax would be paid by the cloud provider and re-charged to the clients, with the provider dividing costs appropriately between users. Yet given that the cloud provider should be more efficient, for instance, in terms of scalability, providers should thus ensure that the re-charged tax should be less costly for clients than if they ran the service internally."

"In a carbon-trading model," he added, "the client would be able to sell their credits to additionally offset this cost."

Tony Cotterill, chief executive of health care data management and storage virtualisation vendor BridgeHead Software, said health care is one of many public-sector industries leading the way into the community cloud, but all cloud adoption is proceeding with caution.

According to Cotterill, the industry's concern about the security of confidential and sensitive material has led to a "look before you leap" phase.

"Although health care is proceeding cautiously, many experts anticipate that a cloud and often a community cloud strategy will play an escalating role in data storage, backup and archiving," he said.

Cotterill advised companies to ensure any vendor's data is encrypted both during transmission and "at rest" within the cloud. In addition, vendors should offer sufficient redundancy of data files to guarantee that organisations can get data back from the cloud when they need it.

Software licensing in a community cloud

Martin Mutch, chief executive of Oracle licensing consultancy Rocela, said as the government moves to cloud-provisioned applications and infrastructure across its agencies, it is critical that the software licensing implications are well understood.

"Unlike servers, an enterprise software license grant, such as Oracle's, is generally specific to a stated entity and is often non-transferable. If a cloud is being deployed as a shared service across multiple agencies, it is vital that the accountability for enterprise software grants is clear. If existing licenses are to be substituted for new ones from participating bodies, the software vendor agrees on the revised contract terms," he said.

Advice on the community cloud

Simon Daykin, chief technology officer of integrator Logicalis UK, said: "Certainly, much of the public sector sees cloud as a Oxwall_test21 fast-track route to delivering co-operative or shared ICT services, and rightly so. However, we are not talking about whole-scale G-Clouds here, but about regional or local community clouds, delivering secure and robust services within a shared architecture."

A government cloud infrastructure -- the G-Cloud -- is currently being developed so public sector companies can host their ICT systems from the same, secure environment. There will be several services available from several suppliers, in case companies run in to service or delivery issues and need to change suppliers quickly.

He explained that it's not about necessitating an all-or-nothing approach; instead, "the beauty of the community cloud is that it vCSHB failover tests: Avoiding split-brain can be shaped to meet the needs and circumstances of a group, and even individual parties within that group."

This could be a collection of NHS trusts, for example, or local councils sharing what it makes sense windows 10 0x80244022 to share and holding on to what makes sense to hold on to, all in a secure environment, according to Daykin.

Daykin said an example of the public sector mind-share shift, when it comes to shared ICT services, can be found with the Public Sector Broadband Aggregation (PSBA) in Wales.

He added: "Our experience in designing and supporting what is essentially the equivalent of Digital Britain's PSN, realised on a Welsh scale, certainly proves that multiple public agencies are willing to collaborate in this fashion. Important to this collaboration is transparency – and this is also true for shared cloud environments."

"Transparency is important, not only amongst the cloud community, but also with the technical organisation delivering the service and the underlying architecture used. The advice I'd give is that all parties must enter into community cloud architecture with their eyes open."

Ken Owens, vice president security and virtualisation technologies at Savvis, said the Software-as-a-Service (SAAS) industry is interested in public (Internet-based) cloud around software services and federation with applications that can augment their software usage.

"The downfall of the public cloud is lack of standardisation and security concerns. The Financial Services industry is interested in private (dedicated) cloud around services like market data and around restricted access to their lines of business. In this model, standardisation and lack of security can be addressed easier; however the cost to deliver private cloud could be much larger than the expected cost savings of moving to the cloud model," he said.

According to Owens the key to an effective community cloud is having a business interconnect service provider that can act as the central provisioning house for connectivity and ongoing operations.

He added: "For each party to iron out its own business relationship is a major procurement hassle. However, in the community cloud a central service provider Big data: large problems or huge opportunities? selling IT connectivity to both the hub and the spokes has proven to be an effective model. We're seeing this take off more and more in other industries such as healthcare informatics, hospitality, and SAAS."

 

Kayleigh Bateman is the Site Editor of SearchVirtualDataCentre.co.uk.

Liu Ping Jui 30 '17
Public sector organsations can reap several benefits from working together through a community cloud strategy, according to industry experts, but several concerns are slowing the adoption rate.

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) describes the community cloud as a cloud infrastructure that is shared by several organisations 0x80244022 windows 10 and supports a specific community, such as healthcare, that has shared concerns around mission, policy and compliance considerations.

With such clear issues facing the adoption of community cloud, I have to say we have serious doubts about the viability of it outside of the education and charitable sectors.

 

Ben Abraham, Divisional Leader of Services, Bell Micro,

The cloud may be managed by the organisations or a third party and may exist on or off-premises.

Rob Lovell, chief executive of cloud IT service provider ThinkGrid, said the shared resources model has been going for a while, within local councils and public sector organisations, so it's not surprising to hear how this approach has now been extended to cloud computing.

"At the end of the day, we all want to know that our hard-earned taxes are being stretched as far as possible," said Lovell.

Lovell said this approach would be really powerful if there were hundreds, if not thousands, of public sector organisations with the ability to share a vast range of cloud services, instead of just a restricted few.

He continued, however, by saying that building the high-quality cloud computing infrastructure needed to make this happen requires massive investment in terms of expertise, equipment and support. Hence, what we currently see is a small group of councils building and sharing their own "internal" clouds, painting themselves into a corner with both a limited set of services and the resources needed to support and deliver them.

Community cloud lessons and potential pitfalls

Ben Abraham, divisional leader of services

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at distributor Bell Micro, said the concept is to utilise spare capacity within several organisations' IT environment by enabling a cloud infrastructure where all resources are virtualised and used on a shared basis. He added, however, that there are many areas of concern with this model.

Abraham posed several questions to consider before undergoing any plans for a community cloud:

 

  • How does the economic model work (who pays for support/maintenance and operational costs, infrastructure/capital costs)?
  • How do they manage availability and service levels across this community cloud?
  • What are the contractual and security implications/considerations of having data spread across multiple organisations (and maybe multiple geographies) and in multiple domains -- i.e. how would the obligations of the Freedom of Information Act and Data Protection work?
  • What is the legal impact of a service outage, i.e. Organisation A is pursued legally due to a service outage caused by Organisation B's infrastructure within their community cloud?
Abraham added: "With such clear issues facing the adoption of community cloud, I have to say we have serious doubts about the viability of it outside of the education and charitable sectors.

"Other than for non-critical development and research projects that are formed within a group of charities or universities, where there is no ongoing legal requirement to provide the service (and no service-level agreement requirement), we can't see how this would work, certainly not in the broader business world."

Matt Hampton, chief technical officer from data centre service provider Imerja, explained that many business benefits are available to companies who transfer data into community clouds -- for starters, improved energy efficiency and significant cost savings.

Nevertheless, as the cloud is a relatively new concept and still evolving, Hampton windows 10 0x80244022 said that some problems persist.

"The biggest issue is trust. As it stands, no formal model exists to define good practice or identify liability for the security of the information within community clouds," said Hampton.

He revealed that organisations such as Lost devices access work email, says Sophos the Cloud Security Alliance are now emerging to promote security assurance policies and provide education on uses of cloud computing to help secure data. But, he explained, until these organisations become mainstream, security is an important issue Oxwall_test21 to be raised and considered.

Cloud and the green tax

Another issue highlighted by Hampton was green tax, as it is still unclear whether the provider or client should foot the tax bill.

More on the cloud:Cloud computing security affecting G-Cloud adoption

Intrusion detection in a cloud computing environment

Virtual desktop infrastructures and the private cloud

He said: "I would expect that the tax would be paid by the cloud provider and re-charged to the 12 Top Tips For Up And Coming Article Writers clients, with the provider dividing costs appropriately between users. Yet given that the cloud provider should be more efficient, for instance, in terms of scalability, providers should thus ensure that the re-charged tax should be less costly for clients than if they ran the service internally."

"In a carbon-trading model," he added, "the client would be able to sell their credits to additionally offset this cost."

Tony Cotterill, chief executive of health care data management and storage virtualisation vendor BridgeHead Software, said health care is one of many public-sector industries leading the way UK laxity on BYOD raises data loss risk, says ICO into the community cloud, but all cloud adoption is proceeding with caution.

According to Cotterill, the industry's concern about the security of confidential and sensitive material has led to a "look before you leap" phase.

"Although health care is proceeding cautiously, many experts anticipate that a cloud and often a community cloud strategy will play an escalating role in data storage, backup and archiving," he said.

Cotterill advised companies to ensure any vendor's data is encrypted both during transmission and "at rest" within the cloud. In addition, vendors should offer sufficient redundancy of data files to guarantee that organisations can get data back from the cloud when they need it.

Software licensing in a community cloud

Martin Mutch, chief executive of Oracle licensing consultancy Rocela, said as the government moves to cloud-provisioned applications and infrastructure across its agencies, it is critical that the software licensing implications are well understood.

"Unlike servers, an enterprise software license grant, such as Oracle's, is generally specific to a stated entity and is often non-transferable. If a cloud is being deployed as a shared service across multiple agencies, it is Add Dimension And Personality To Your Embroidery vital that the accountability for enterprise software grants is clear. If existing licenses are to be substituted for new ones from participating bodies, the software vendor agrees on the revised contract terms," he said.

Advice on the community cloud

Simon Daykin, chief technology officer of integrator Logicalis UK, said: "Certainly, much of the public sector sees cloud as a fast-track route to delivering co-operative or shared ICT services, and rightly so. However, we are not talking about whole-scale G-Clouds here, but about regional or local community clouds, delivering secure and robust services within a shared architecture."

A government cloud infrastructure -- the G-Cloud -- is currently being developed so public sector companies can host their ICT systems from the same, secure environment. There will be several services available from several suppliers, in case companies run in to service or delivery issues and need to change suppliers quickly.

He explained that it's not about necessitating an all-or-nothing approach; instead, "the beauty of the community cloud is that it can be shaped to meet the needs and circumstances of a group, and even individual parties within that group."

This could be a collection of NHS trusts, for example, or local councils sharing what it makes sense to share and holding on to what makes sense to hold on to, all in a secure environment, according to Daykin.

Daykin said an example of the public sector mind-share shift, when it comes to shared ICT services, can be found with the Public Sector Broadband Aggregation (PSBA) in Wales.

He added: "Our experience in designing and supporting what is essentially the equivalent of Digital Britain's PSN, realised on a Welsh scale, certainly proves that multiple public agencies are willing to collaborate in this fashion. Important to this collaboration is transparency – and this is also true for shared cloud environments."

"Transparency is important, not only amongst the cloud community, but also with the technical organisation delivering the service and the underlying architecture used. The advice I'd give is that all parties must enter into community cloud architecture with their eyes open."

Ken Owens, vice president security and virtualisation technologies at Savvis, said the Software-as-a-Service (SAAS) industry is interested in public (Internet-based) cloud around software services and federation with applications that can augment their software usage.

"The downfall of the public cloud is lack of standardisation SAP extends Business Suite 7 maintenance: What is the real reason? and security concerns. The Financial Services industry is interested in private (dedicated) cloud around services like market data and around restricted access to their lines of business. In this model, standardisation and lack of security can be addressed easier; however the cost to deliver private cloud could be much larger than the expected cost savings of moving to the cloud model," he said.

According to Owens the key to an effective community cloud is having a business interconnect service provider that can act as the central provisioning house for connectivity and ongoing operations.

He added: "For each party to iron out its own business relationship is a major procurement hassle. However, in the community cloud a central service provider selling IT connectivity to both the hub and the spokes has proven to be an effective model. We're seeing this take off more and more in other industries such as healthcare informatics, hospitality, and SAAS."

 

Kayleigh Bateman is the Site Editor of SearchVirtualDataCentre.co.uk.

Liu Ping Jui 30 '17
HBOS has Fun Ideas for Playgroup Activities rolled out a software testingprogramme across three of its four major IT departments in a programme to designed to reduce the number of errors in thousands of applications it builds every year.

The bank has begun using industry-standard Testing Maturity Model (TMM) in its corporate IT and insurance and investment divisions, following a successful pilot in retail banking How to Write Funny -- It's All About Timing in 2006.

The project is likely to lead to major savings by helping HBOS catch software errors early. According to analyst firm Ovum, the cost of fixing bugs increases exponentially at each stage of the development process. Half of errors are found at the requirement specification stage of development, it said.

The programme, which focuses on software quality management Google AI improves datacentre energy efficiency and testing, will help HBOS avoid the problems associated with software failures in live environments, enable it to benchmark its processes, and make it easier to repeat the model across the entire company.

John Cantley, senior project manager of HBOS corporate IT, said the ability to identify software defects early on was an important advantage of TMM.

"TMM struck us as a model suitable for detecting defects early and ultimately in preventing defects," he said. "If you take defects out of the process early on you can accelerate software development and testing."

TMM takes into account other stages of the development process such as preparation, requirement specification, design and coding.

HBOS hired TMM windows 10 0x80244022 specialist consultancy Experimentus in 2006 to help it adopt the TMM methodology. Allan Woodcock, head of retail IT central testing team, said it chose Experimentus because it was an expert in TMM, which is a rigid framework.

"Interruptions in service can cost thousands of dollars per minute in industries that rely on financial dealing systems," said Ovum.

Bola Ratibi, principal analyst at Macehiter 0x80244022 Ward-Dutton, said financial services companies can make huge losses if software fails.

"The cost of replacing and fixing technology is high, and it also damages your reputation and brand."

Ratibi said few companies have openly said they How to Have Financial Peace are using TMM. The project should pay financial dividends and enhance HBOS' reputation, he said.

Julian Clarke, director at Experimentus, said HBOS is one of Oxwall_test21 the first major UK banks to use TMM. "There are a lot using Capability Maturity Model (CMMi) but Bacs splits IT department in two it does not go into the required detail for software testing and quality."

Liu Ping Jui 30 '17

The reasons why to work with your spouse according to me????

To know this we must understand the reality by this ways, so lets begin by sharing facts of life these ways such as,"It is righty said in the holy words of Holy Quran that ,It is one of Allah's wonders that windows 10 0x80244022 he has made for you all a partner from your own souls so that harmony prevails among you and Allah has kept love and compassion between you." so this person is best for you in support and also do remember there is the 0x80244022 windows 10 saying that, when you can get the best at home than why to ignore/forget this point. As you know your home is best peaceful shelter for you and from this best shelter is from where you are getting support that is your partner .so it is support from peaceful medium ...so by this two reasons of above said and by considering these 4 pillars that iam discussing below ,these all can be main support for you in your need times by your spouse..now i conclude that i have the reasons to say that,why to work with your spouse according to me . To know about these 4 pillars of support for you such as "Compassion","Trust", "Communication" and "Understanding" here i go by ways of each letter giving a message for you from your spouse's point of view in true aim of helping you in your work success .......

Compassion in Work That You Will Get From Your Spouse:-

****************************************

C:-Complaisant for your commands

O:-Organize as the way you plan for your work

M:-Manful(Determined) for your work

P:-Possibility to change when your decision comes

A:-Assure you best results facts

S:-Slog in need times

S:-Sober for your reputation

I:-Immense intrested in your work

O:-Overweening in your SEO & Proper Site Architecture business plans

N:-Nearly best to what you could do .

Trust in WorkThat You Will Get From Your Spouse:-

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T:-Tendentious when you need a help in making a business decision

R:-Righteous while dealing on behalf of you

U:-Unpretentious in helping you

S:-Simplistic in worried times for solving problems

T:-Thoughtful in every matter of importance in business

Communication's Results is in WorkThat You Will Get From Your Spouse:-

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C:-Communicable as perfect to talk with you for your business market

O:-Oversimplify in talks

M:-Mannered in discussions needed

M:-Mutable when your words wants the communication matter to be changed for Plan Kids Activities for Long Lasting Memories good

U:-Upstanding in ways of sharing thoughts and ideas

N:-Notion to be able to pickup your idea as you wish in dreams

I:-Importunate while time of need of disussions on complicated issues

C:-Commend idea Digital Cameras- Which One To Buy? while talk with you

A:-Appeal you for your best

T:-Timely speech when you need that to happen

I:-Impressive while taliking truth

O:-Overhaul your lines if you said some thing by mistake

N:-Necessitate points that are best

Understanding in WorkThat You Will Get From Your Spouse:-

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U:-Urbane reaction when you say something for good

N:-Natural pickup ideas immediately for knowing what Time: Do You Spend It Or Invest It? you want

D:-Dogmatic by nature to be your helper

E:-Extensive in thoughts

R:-Rigorous in thinking plans

S:-Simplify the idea to implement it for success

T:-Togetherness is support of feelings fo someone is there when you need help

A:-Apparent while listening your ideas to implement it

N:-Nifty in mind to think LOUDU9AA like way you are thinking without change in your ideas

D:-Didactic in dicussing any idea so to make you feel more good by suggesting improving advice

I:-Inclusive dealing in planning till implementation of plans

N:-Nicety in getting the point of your mind

G:-Gambit in making Olympia 1400.2c (1/16 X 9/16) vs. Olympia 1500.6 (1/4 Inch) Shredder opinions.

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Liu Ping Jui 27 '17

Successful people have always had clear, focused goals that guide them to greatness.

It took Thomas Edison thousands of attempts and thousands of failures over many years to invent the electric light Herbal Pot-Pourris, Sachets and Pillows bulb, but he new exactly what he wanted, and Six Ways to De-Stress & Boost Your Happiness Curve his goal kept him going until he achieved it The rest, as they say, is history.

Michelle Kwan had a goal to be the best skater in the world. Oprah Winfrey was an abused child who determined to make a better life for herself.

Successful people always have The Best E-Juice Choices for Smokeless Cigarettes clear goals. Great musicians, great athletes, successful salespeople and inspiring leaders know what they want in life, and they go after it. Great parents work at it. No one becomes an astronaut by accident!

And yet the great bulk LOUDU9AA of people continue to drift through life with no goals at all, or with only vague dreams, hopes and wishes. No wonder we achieve so much less than we could!

For those who have not yet experienced the joy of setting and achieving magnificent goals, here is a powerful set of principles that have 0x80244022 windows 10 worked for thousands of my clients. They will work for you, too. I call them The 4 Steps to Successful Goal-Setting:

1. Decide what you want. Decide if you would rather have money in the bank, or that new car. Choose the life you prefer! You can't have everything in life; but you can have anything you choose, if you will focus, pay the price, and pursue it with all your heart.

2. Clarify your values. Too often, people choose goals that are inconsistent with their priorities and daily behaviors. Do you value health, or comfort? Is financial independence a priority, or merely a wish? In a clash between your values and your wishes, your values will win every time. Be certain your goals are consistent with your most important values.

3. Write them down! Have the courage to put your intentions on paper, in your own words. Be specific and describe your goals in detail. When will you achieve them? What will success look like? Write Benefit from Website Design and Development Outsourcing from Manila, Philippines down the details and read your goals every day, even take a moment to summarize them every morning. Stay focused.

4. Take ACTION! To run a marathon, you must jog 0x80244022 every day. Building a business requires that you make sales, every day. A loving marriage or happy kids require your time, your attention and your love, every day. Your daily actions need not be profound or heroic, but they must be 4 Tricks for Windows 7 Password Recovery consistent and persistent. Every day!

Success does not "just happen". It is built like a work of art. First, it is imagined, then the skills, tools and materials are gathered, and the artist sets about creating a thing of beauty. It takes time. It requires skill, determination, persistence and faith.

Just as an artist will make preliminary sketches and work out the details in her mind, so your success requires written goals, careful choices, clear commitments and daily persistence. You can do this. Make something magnificent of your life!

Liu Ping Jui 27 '17
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